Professor Adam Zertal

Faculty of Humanities

Prof. Adam Zertal
Department of Archeology


Higher Education

  • 1977 Joined the archaeological expedition of Tel Lachish, Israel, as director of area Gate-W.
  • 1978 BA in archaeology, Tel Aviv University. Beginning the MA studies. Initiated the Survey of Northern Samaria (The hill country of Manasseh).
  • 1982 MA in Tel Aviv University. Subject – “Arubboth, Hepher and the Third Solomonic District”.
  • 1988 Ph.D., Tel Aviv University. Subject – “The Israelite Settlement in the Hill Country of Manasseh”.

Academic Positions and Scientific Career

  • 1980-1984 Discovery of and Excavations at the Iron Age and Roman city of Kh el-Hamam (Arubboth-Narbata). Exposure of the Roman siege around the place.
  • 1982-1990 The survey Continues. Discovery and excavations of a high place and an altar from the 12th century on Mt. Ebal.
  • 1984 The first book with survey results is published.
  • 1988 Excavations in the Chalcolithic site at ‘Ain Hilu, Jordan valley.
  • 1992 The first official volume of the Manasseh survey is published.
  • 1993-1998 Discovery and excavations at the fortified site of el-Ahwat – presumably a stronghold of the northern Sea-Peoples – The Shardana.
  • 1996 The second volume of the survey is published.
  • 1983-1999 A member of the stuff of Archaeology Dpt., Haifa University.
  • 1996-1999 Chairman of Dpt. of Archaeology, Haifa University.

Activities prior to Archaeology

  • 1964-1969 Studied Economy and Agriculture; Economic Director of Kibbutz Ein Shemer, Israel.
  • 1969-1972 Head of Israeli Mission to Central African Republic and Rwanda; Agriculture, Development and Education.
  • 1973-1974 Injured in Yom Kippur (1973) war. Spent 12 months in hospital, recovered and bagan studies of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Publications by subject

(1) Books

  • 1969 The Plain of the Wilderness, Short Stories (Hebrew).
  • 1974 Translated into Hebrew “The Years” by Virginia Wolff.
  • 1984 Arubboth, Hepher and the Third Solomonic District, An essay in the Historical Geography of the Bible, Tel Aviv (Hebrew).
  • 1988 The Israelite Settlement in the Hill-Country of Manasseh, Haifa (Hebrew).
  • 1992 The Survey of the Hill Country of Manasseh vol. 1 – The Syncline of Shechem, 617 pages and 400 figures, Tel Aviv and Haifa (Hebrew).
  • 1996 The Survey of the Hill Country of Manasseh vol. 2 – The Eastern Valleys and the Fringes of the Desert, 808 pages and 568 figures, Tel Aviv and Haifa (Hebrew).
  • 1996 El-Ahwat, A Fortified Site of the Sea-Peoples Near Nahal ‘Iron, Israel – A Preliminary Report of the Excavations 1993-1995, Haifa (Hebrew).
  • 1999 The Survey of the Hill Country of Manasseh vol. 3 – From Nahal ‘Iron to Nahal Shechem, Tel Aviv and Haifa (Hebrew – in press).

(2) Articles

  • “An Unknown Coin of Acco-Ptolemais”, Journal of the Israeli Numismatic Association 6 (1977), pp. 21-24. (Hebrew)
  • “A Samaritan Ring and the Identification of ‘En Kushi”, Qadmoniot 10, 1977, pp. 84-87. (Hebrew)
  • “The Samaritans in the District of Caesarea”, Ariel 48 (1979), 98-116.
  • “A Bronze Statuette of Reigning God from the Region of Taanach”, Qadmoniot 12 (1980), pp. 59-61. (Hebrew)
  • “The Gates of Gezer”, Eretz-Israel 15 (Aharoni Volume), 1981, pp. 222-229 (Hebrew).
  • “The Siege of Narbata and the Beginning of the First Revolt”, Zemanim 10 (1980), pp. 32-46. (Hebrew)
  • “Has Joshua’s Altar been Found on Mount Ebal?”, Biblical Archaeology Review XI (1985), pp. 26-44.
  • “How Can Kempinski be so Wrong?”, Biblical Archaeology Review XII (1986), pp. 43-53.
  • “An Early Iron Age Cultic Site on Mount Ebal: Excavation Seasons 1982-1987 – A Preliminary Report”, Tel Aviv 13-14 (1986-1987), pp. 9-30.
  • “The Water Factor During the Israelite Settlement Process in Canaan”, Society and Economy in the Eastern Mediterranean (1500-1000 BCE), Proceedings of the International Symposium, University of Haifa (Orientalia Loevenansia Analecta 23), Haifa 1987, pp. 341-357.
  • “A Cultic-Site with a Burnt-Offerings Altar from the Early Iron Age at Mt. Ebal”, Wunschet Jerusalem Frieden, Frankfurt 1988, pp. 137-155.
    12. “The Pahwah of Samaria (Northern Israel) During the Persian period. Types of Settlement, Economy, History and New Discoveries”, Transeuphratene II (1989), pp. 9-30.
  • “The Wedge-Shaped Decorated Bowl and the Origin of the Samaritans”, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 276 (1989), pp. 77-84.
  • “The Roman Road Caesarea-Ginae and the Location of Capercotani”, Palestine Exploration Quarterly 122 (1990), pp. 21-33.
  • “Following the Pottery Trail – Israel Enters Canaan”, Biblical Archaeology Review XVII (1990), pp. 28-50.
  • “How to Tell a Canaanite from an Israelite”, The Rise of Ancient Israel, Washington 1992, pp. 76-79.
  • “El-Qaadeh – A Fortified Military Camp from the Assyrian Period Near Samaria”, Judaea and Samaria Studies II, Qedumin 1993, pp. 147-167 (Hebrew).
  • “‘To the Land of the Perizzites and the Giants’: On the Israelite Settlement in the Hill Country of Manasseh”, From Nomadism to Monarchy, Jerusalem 1994, p. 47-69.
  • “Fortified Enclosures of the Early Bronze Age in the Samaria Region and the Beginning of Urbanization”, Levant XXV (1993), pp. 113-125.
  • “The Roman Siege-System at Khirbet el-Hamam (Narbata)”, Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplementary Series n. 14 – The Roman and Byzantine Near East, Ann Arbor 1995, pp. 70-94.
  • “Three Iron-Age Fortresses in the Jordan Valley and the Origin of the Ammonite Circular Towers”, Israel Exploration Journal 45 (1995), pp. 253-273.
  • “The Cultivation and the Economy of Olives During the Iron Age in the Hill-Country of Manasseh”, Olive Oil in Antiquity, Padova 1996, pp. 307-314.
  • “The Iron Age I Culture in the Hill-Country of Canaan: A Manassite Look”, Mediterranean Peoples in Transition, Jerusalem 1998, pp. 220-238.
  • “An Iron Age Fortress-System Surrounding the City of Samaria”, Judaea and Samaria Studies VII, Dedumim 1998, pp. 9-27 (Hebrew).
  • “The Heart of the Monarchy, Pattern of Settlement and New Historical Considerations of the Israelite Kingdom of Samaria” , The Archaeology of Israel in the Period of the Monarchy (eds. M. Geller and A. Mazar). (London – in Press).

(4) Entries in the Anchor Bible Encyclopaedia (New York 1992)

  • “Arubboth”, I, pp. 465-467.
  • “Beth-Haggan”, I, p. 687.
  • “Bezek”, I, pp. 717-718.
  • “Ebal, Mount”, II, pp. 254-258.
  • “Gur”, II, p. 1099.
  • “Hepher”, III, pp. 138-139.
  • “Shechem, Towr of”, V, pp. 1186-1187.

(5) Entries in the New Encyclopaedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Jerusalem 1993

  • “Ebal, Mount”, 1, pp. 375-377.
  • “Hammam, Kh. el-“, 2, pp. 563-565.
  • “The Mt. Manasseh (Northern Samaria Hills) Survey”, 4, pp. 1311-1312.

(6) Entries in the Oxford Encyclopaedia in the Near East, Oxford 1997

  • “Ebal, Mount”, 2, pp. 179-180.